Project Management is an innovative discipline that combines human resources and technology, thus providing resources while removing roadblocks. Technically speaking, project management is the discipline that offers ultimate management over a project while attempting to satisfy each and every constraint set by the responsible entities. These constraints and their load vary greatly with each project, although constraints like time, financing, and human resources are a recurring constrain in every project. In Project Management, a successful project will always be able to allocate all its resources in an efficient manner and simultaneously deliver the preconceived objectives.
Unlike the traditional business endeavours that deal with recurring processes to achieve an outcome, a project is very individualized in its content and as such will always come to an end. The temporary nature of a project does not implicate a short duration, instead, it is a matter of the project’s engagement in achieving the expectations. It is undertaken to achieve an outcome that is unique in itself and so provides a much longer lasting effect than a regular repetitively-made product would. It is important to make a clear distinction between a traditional business and a project, and while both result in a product, they each require different forms of management in practice.
Project Management has developed through the increased demand in effective project outcomes and in the realization of businesses and organizations that without project management, resources like time and budgeting are extremely hard to allocate. It is the accumulation of various engineering fields, activities, and organizations that pushed the application of project management to become immensely popular in today’s world. Two significant names worthy of the title ‘forefathers of project management’ are Henry Gantt and Henry Fayol; the former for the development of Gantt charts, a highly used tool in PM, and the latter known for having discovered the basic concept in which project management is built upon: the five management functions.
It was in the early 1950s that the attempts of such organizations to apply management strategies into the most complex of their projects incentivised the development of project management as an entity in its own. The first association to include project management tools like cost estimation, planning and scheduling was formed by prospects of project management and became known as the American Association of Cost Engineers (AACE) in 1956. In 50 years’ time, the same association now known as the Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering (ACEE International) released the first framework for portfolio, program, and project management known as Total Cost Management Framework, in 2006.
With the inception of project management tools in the 1950s, the use of such tools began to increase widely, covering major organizations in Europe and continuing to the United States and the rest of the world. The first association was formed in Europe in 1967, as a result of the collaboration between numerous project management associations that came to be known as The International Project Management Association (IPMA). A mere two years later came the foundation of the Project Management Institute (PMI) in the United States that resulted in its publishing of the first Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK), a centralized guide with vast application in any project to this day. Both the PMI and the IPMA continue to provide services in project management around the world, while PMI has come as far as to develop global reputation for its certifications in project management.
The era of project managers began shortly after the PMI and the releases of project management certifications. While regular members of this institute abide by its code of ethics, a professional certified as the Project Management Professional (PMP®) is bound to the Code of Professional Conduct. These codes are created as guidelines that each member or certified project manager should strive for: provide a responsible and professional service toward the shareholder, the client, and every interested party in the project, including the public.
The certification process begins with the individual’s knowledge of the PMBOK after which the individual is a Certified Associate of Project Management (CAPM). Through this and other certifications, the PMBOK has become the proverbial bible of project management, providing any and all information required to begin as an associate of project management while its use is extended even to professionals and organizations that deal with managing projects. Even though the book has brought controversies in regard of the methodology applied for different projects, its best practices remain the ultimate ideology used in every project up to date.
A variation of the project management methodology suited for Information Technology is known as the PRINCE2, developed in 1989 and used by the UK government itself. Nowadays it is a popular application in IT organizations as well as NGOs. Unlike the standard PMI processes described in the PMBOK, PRINCE2 is further elaborated into 8 processes:
- Directing, Starting, and Initiating a Project
- Managing Stage Boundaries
- Controlling the Stage
- Managing Product Delivery
- Closing a Project
Organizations and individuals using the PRINCE2 methodology also adapt the process to meet their individualized project, thus making this methodology highly flexible. This further allows for an easier management of projects and an integration of the organization or business into its own project. Nowadays, most organizations manage their projects based on trial and error but it is through their experience as an organization that defines their project management practices.
Similarly, for organizations and businesses in Australia, the Australian Institute of Project Management (AIPM) is the highest entity in dealing with project management. It was formed in 1976 and its contribution knows no other in the aspect of project management strategic development.
Project Management employers and recruitment in Australia:
Companies employing Project Managers range from Government, Enterprise, Corporate, Small to Medium businesses across any industry from Construction, Banking and Finance, Telecommunications, IT, Mining.
Some Role Titles we recruit for in Project Management:
Senior Project Manager, Project Assistant, Project Coordinator, Project Management Office or PMO, Stakeholder Management, Project Manager Business Intelligence, Project Manager Data Warehousing, Project Manager Banking, Project Support Analyst, Project Scheduler, Project Planning, IT Project Manager, Project Manager – Software Release, Project Manager – eDRMS, Project Manager – Risk Manager, Test Project Manager, Infrastructure Project Manager, Portfolio Manager, Scope Project Manager, Senior Project Manager, Junior Project Manager, Project Advisor, Project Manager – Applications, Senior Technical Project Manager, Integration Project Manager, Project Manager – Systems Project, Contract Project Manager, Project Manager – Telecommunications, Master Project Manager, Migration Project Manager